اثر کیفیت نهادها بر رفاه بیننسلی در ایران (رویکردی به الگوی نسلهای همپوشان)

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته علوم اقتصادی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 استاد راهنما، استاد گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استاد مشاور، استادیار گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد خمینی شهر، اصفهان، ایران.

10.22080/iejm.2019.15771.1657

چکیده

هدف این مطالعه تحلیل اثر نهادها بر رفاه بیننسلی در ایران طی دوره زمانی 1396-1375 میباشد. بدین منظور شش شاخص نهادی ثبات سیاسی و مقابله با خشونت، حق اظهارنظر و پاسخگویی دولت، اثربخشی دولت، کیفیت مقررات نظارتی، حاکمیت قانون و کنترل فساد، معرفی شده توسط بانک جهانی، به عنوان شاخصهای نهادی در نظر گرفته شدند. به منظور کفایت درجه آزادی، کلیه دادهها با استفاده از روش چاو و لین (1976) به دادههای فصلی تبدیل شد و با استفاده از الگوی نسلهای همپوشان اثر نهادها بر رفاه بیننسلی ایران به روش معادلات به ظاهر نامرتبط برآورد گردید. نتایج حاکی از آن است که شاخصهای نهادی حق اظهارنظر و پاسخگویی دولت و کنترل فساد اثر مثبت و معنادار و حاکمیت قانون و کیفیت مقررات نظارتی اثر منفی و معنادار بر رفاه هر دو نسل جوان و پیر و در نتیجه بر رفاه بیننسلی داشتهاند. شاخصهای نهادی، اثربخشی دولت و ثبات سیاسی و مقابله با خشونت اثر معناداری بر رفاه هر دو نسل و رفاه بیننسلی نداشتهاند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Institutions Quality on the Intergenerational Welfare in Iran (An approach to the pattern of overlapping generations)

نویسندگان [English]

  • moloud jafari tadi 1
  • morteza sameti 2
  • mostafa rajabi 3
1 PHD Student of Economics, Department of Economics, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Supervisor, Professor of Economics ,Department of Economics, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
3 Advisor, Assistant Professor of Economics ,Department of Economics, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of institutions' quality on intergenerational welfare in Iran during the period of 1996-2017. For this purpose, six institutional indicators of Political stability and Absence of Violence, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, Control of Corruption and Voice and Accountability, introduced by the World Bank were considered as institutional indicators. Due to the degree of freedom, all data were converted to seasonal data using Chow and Lin (1976) method. The effect of institutions on the intergenerational welfare of Iran, using the pattern of overlapping generations models (OLG), is estimated by seemingly unrelated equations (SURE) method. The results indicate that the institutional indicators of the Voice and Accountability and control of corruption have a positive and significant effect on the welfare of young and old generations and thus on ]ran's intergenerational welfare during the period of 1996-2017. Institutional Indicators such as the rule of law and the quality of regulatory have a negative and significant effect on Iran's intergenerational welfare. Institutional Indicators such as Government Effectiveness and Political Stability and Absence of Violence do not have a significant effect on the welfare of both generations and Iran's intergenerational welfare during this period.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Institutions
  • Overlapping Generations
  • Generation Welfare

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